Vulvovaginal is a combined term used for vulva and vagina in the female genitalia. These are intricate and delicate parts of the female anatomy. Vulvovaginal health means the overall well-being of these genitalia parts. It includes their physiological function maintenance and hygiene management. Maintaining optimal vulvovaginal health is important to prevent issues of infections and other health problems.
Dr. Ramandeep, best gynae doctor in chandigarh explains various issues related to Vulvovaginal area and how to manage them with good hygiene and proper preventive care. Let’s take a look:
(I). Vulvovaginal Issues:
1. Vaginal Infections:
Vaginal infections are particularly common among women. They are caused by bacteria, fungi and viruses. The commonly encountered types are yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis and sexually transmitted infections.
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Discomfort during urination or intercourse.
2. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs):
UTIs occur when bacteria enter the urethra and multiply in the urinary tract. It is also relatively common among women.
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Pain or burning sensation during urination
- Cloudy or bloody urine
- Pelvic discomfort
Vulvodynia is the chronic vulvar pain without any specific identifiable cause. The exact reason of vulvodynia is still not known but nerve irritation, muscle spasms, hormonal changes and psychological factors may cause it.
- Stinging of the vulva
- Continuous or intermittent pain
Hormonal changes during menopause can affect the vulva and vagina. Reduction in estrogen levels can lead to vaginal atrophy which is thinning and drying of vaginal tissues.
- Vaginal dryness
- Pain during intercourse
(II). Vulvovaginal Care:
Vulvovaginal health can be maintained by good hygiene and taking proper preventive measures. They include the following:
1. Practice Hygiene:
Clean the vulvovaginal area with warm water and mild soap. Use of douches, scented products and harsh chemicals can disturb the natural pH balance and irritate the skin.
2. Wear breathable underwear:
Breathable cotton underwear should be worn for air circulation to the vulvovaginal area which helps to keep it dry. Tight-fitting underwear should be avoided because they can trap moisture due to which bacteria can grow.
3. Practice Safe Sex:
Risk of sexually transmitted infections can be reduced by using a condom during sexual intercourse. Urinating after intercourse can flush out the bacteria and reduce the risk of UTIs.
4. Proper Hydration and a Balanced Diet:
Drinking plenty of water helps in maintaining moisture in vaginal area. A balanced diet is also essential for optimal vulvovaginal health.
5. Regular Check-ups:
Regular gynecological checkups help detect sexually transmitted infections at early stages and ensure prompt treatment.
Dr. Ramandeep highly advices maintaining good vulvovaginal health for women’s overall well-being. Proper care practices and medical attention can help to prevent common vulvovaginal issues and ensure a healthy and comfortable life.