Sciatica is a common type of pain that affects the sciatic nerve that extends from the lower back and down toward the back of both legs. The nerve called sciatic nerve is one of the longest and thickest nerves of the human body. Moreover, this sciatica nerve is also known as lumbar radiculopathy.
Causes of sciatica
Sciatica is mainly caused by a herniated disk in the human spine that presses on the sciatic nerve. Apart from that, it is also caused by various reasons. They are: –
- Poor posture
- Blood clot
- Any of the nerve disorder
- Improper sitting posture
Some of the most common symptoms of sciatica are: –
- Pain in hip
- Weakness, hard time moving leg or foot, and numbness
- Lower back pain
- Constant pain on one side of the rear
- Shooting pain that makes stand-up difficult
How is sciatica treated?
According to experts, sciatica heals on its own with time, but to relieve the pain, doctors go for the below method: –
To get relief from pain, the patient is given the following medication like corticosteroids, anti-seizure medications, opioids, anti-inflammatories, antidepressants, etc.
- Physical therapy
Once the patient gets free from pain, doctors plan a program to prevent future injuries. That means doing exercises to correct the posture, improve the range of motion, and strengthen the core.
- Steroid injections
If none of the above methods work, the patient is treated with steroid injection. A shot of corticosteroid medication into the affected area is given, which reduces the pain.
Surgery is the last step which is done on the patient in which the surgeon will remove the bone spur of the herniated disk, which is pressing on the nerve. But surgery is only done when the issue of sciatica causes severe weakness and pain that doesn’t improve with various other treatment methods.
For more information, you can contact the best Orthopaedic Doctor in Chandigarh Dr. T. S. Gill.
Address:- SCO 18-19, Sector 34-A, Chandigarh
Contact: +91 9464343434